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ID 15418

Mitochondrial DNA, Matt Ridley

Description:
Interviewee: Matt Ridley. Every human cell has a "second" genome, found in the cell's energy-generating organelle, the mitochondrion. Comparison of control region sequences of mt DNA reveals that most people have a unique pattern of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). These sequence differences, in turn, are the basis for far-ranging investigations on human DNA diversity and the evolution of hominids. (DNAi Location: Genome > Tour > Genome spots > mt: Genealogy)
Transcript:
There's one set of human genes that's not found in the nucleus. It's in the mitochondrion. The mitochondrion is a sort of power pack inside the cell."+" Mitochondrial genes are passed through the mother's line, so I would get mine from my mother, and my son would get his from my wife. Because they don't mix with genes from the father's line, mitochondrial genes can be used to trace a sort of lineage right the way back to when our first ancestors came out of Africa.
Keywords:
evolution of hominids,single nucleotide polymorphisms,mitochondrial dna,matt ridley,maternal lineage,mitochondrial genes,human genes,human dna,sequence differences,dnai,s line,interviewee,mitochondrion,nucleus,ancestors,sequences,investigations,diversity,africa
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Creative Commons License This work by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

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