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ID 15730

Bernburg psychiatric hospital, Germany

Description:
In January, 1940 a shower room fitted with a carbon monoxide vent was first tested to kill patients at the psychiatric hospital in Brandenberg, outside Berlin. Gas chambers on the Brandenberg model were quickly set up at Bernberg and other sites around Germany to accept patients marked for death. In 1940-41, more than 70,000 patients were poisoned with carbon monoxide at these extermination centers. Other patients were starved; given sleeping pills, morphine or scopolamine; or slowly administered poisons to disguise the cause of death. No such ruse was thought necessary in Poland and East Prussia, where storm troopers simply shot thousands of mental patients. (DNAi location: Chronicle > In the Third Reich > "the final solution")
Transcript:
Keywords:
extermination camp,east prussia,gas chambers,sleeping pills,scopolamine,mental patients,storm troopers,dnai,third reich,psychiatric hospital,eugenics,final solution,carbon monoxide,ruse,poisons,morphine,bernburg,cause of death,mental illness,holocaust
Creative Commons License This work by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

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15384. Sterilization of the mentally ill at Bernburg: Part 1, Muller-Hill and Watson
Benno Müller-Hill takes James Watson on a tour of the gas chamber at Bernberg Psychiatric Hospital, one of six euthanasia facilities for mental patients established in 1940-41.Carbon monoxide gas was piped into a room disguised as a shower.
15385. Sterilization of the mentally ill at Bernburg: Part 2, Muller-Hill and Watson
Benno Müller-Hill takes James Watson on a tour of the gas chamber at Bernberg Psychiatric Hospital, one of six euthanasia facilities for mental patients established in 1940-41. The Bernberg gas chamber was used to kill mentally ill patients – includin
15738. Dissection room
Dissection room adjacent to the Bernburg gas chamber.
15386. Sterilization of the mentally ill at Bernburg: Part 3, Muller-Hill and Watson
Benno Müller-Hill takes James Watson on a tour of the gas chamber at Bernberg Psychiatric Hospital, one of six euthanasia facilities for mental patients established in 1940-41. The dead bodies were dragged out of the gas chamber; some were taken to a dis
15387. Sterilization of the mentally ill at Bernburg: Part 4, Muller-Hill and Watson
Benno Müller-Hill takes James Watson on a tour of the gas chamber at Bernberg Psychiatric Hospital, one of six euthanasia facilities for mental patients established in 1940-41. The brains of some victims were dissected out and sent for study to Julius Ha
15388. Rationalizing the killings, Muller-Hill and Watson
Benno Müller-Hill takes James Watson on a tour of the gas chamber at Bernberg Psychiatric Hospital, one of six euthanasia facilities for mental patients established in 1940-41. Although euthanasia was first used for children with severe birth defects,
15728. Inmates at the gate to Auschwitz extermination camp, 1945
Many doctors and other personnel who had gained expertise in running gas chambers at mental institutions were transferred to Poland, where the first gas chamber was built at the Auschwitz extermination camp in January 1942. Carbon monoxide gas was replace
15394. Other methods of killing in mental institutions, Muller-Hill and Watson
Patients given sleeping pills over a period of time succumbed to lung infections, effectively disguising their euthanasia.
15393. Fate of patients in mental institutions, Muller-Hill and Watson
There was no gas chamber near to Danzig, so mental patients there were shot. Here Benno Müller-Hill takes James Watson on a tour of the gas chamber at Bernberg Psychiatric Hospital, one of six euthanasia facilities for mental patients established in 1940
15392. A one page survey for euthanasia, Muller-Hill and Watson
Psychiatrists filled out a one-page questionnaire for each mental patient, and marked with a cross those to be euthanized.
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