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ID 15765

Kaiser Wilhelm Institute plaque

Description:
English translation: This building was occupied from 1927-1945 by the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute for Anthropology, Human Genetics, and Eugenics. Under the directorship of Eugen Fischer (1927-1942) and Otmar von Verschuer (1942-1945) the institute provided scientific justifications for the inhuman race and birth policies of the NS regime.  It provided expert opinions on issues concerning family records and forced sterilizations, and instructed SS physicians and judges who presided over cases concerning genetic "health." Thus, Fischer, Verschuer, and their staff actively contributed to the selection of "unworthy life" and murder. Joseph Mengele, a student and close collaborator of von Verschuer, planned his twin studies here, and organs removed from selected and murdered prisoners were examined in this building. Mengele conducted his research with approval by the Reichsforschungsrat (Reich Research Council) and financed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Science Foundation) in the Auschwitz concentration camp. These crimes remain unpersecuted and unpunished. Von Verschuer taught until 1965 as Professor for Genetics in Münster, Germany. Scientists are to be held responsible for the content and consequences of their research. (DNAi location: Chronicle > In the Third Reich > Taking the torch)
Transcript:
Kaiser Wilhelm Institute
Keywords:
auschwitz concentration camp,german science foundation,kaiser wilhelm institute,eugen fischer,ns regime,human genetics,mnster,genetic health,third reich,deutsche forschungsgemeinschaft,eugenics,directorship,otmar,justifications,collaborator,plaque,holocaust,anthropology,organs,prisoners
Creative Commons License This work by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

Related content:

15819. Kaiser Wilhelm Institute and plaque, still image with detail
James Watson at the former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute. Source: Jan Witkowski, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
15822. Eugen Fischer and Max Planck
Eugen Fischer, director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Genetics, and Eugenics, with Max Planck.
15736. Charles Davenport and Eugen Fischer
Charles Davenport, 1925, and Eugen Fischer, about 1938.
15766. James Watson at the former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute
James Watson at the former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute. Source: Jan Witkowski, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
15824. Otmar von Verschuer examines eye color of twin boys
Otmar von Verschuer examines eye color of twin boys. Source: Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin-Dahlem.
15825. Otmar von Verschuer examines hair color of twin boys
Otmar von Verschuer examines hair color of twin boys. Source: Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin-Dahlem.
15828. Otmar von Verschuer collects fingerprints
Otmar von Verschuer collects fingerprints. Source: Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin-Dahlem.
15827. Otmar von Verschuer performing lung volume tests
Otmar von Verschuer performing lung volume tests on twin boys, 1928. Source: Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin-Dahlem.
15829. Otmar von Verschuer examines twin boys
Otmar von Verschuer examines twin boys. Source: Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin-Dahlem.
15468. A plague outside the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, James Watson
James Watson talks about a plague outside the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute.
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