Website Search
ID 2096


The cerebellum monitors and regulates motor behavior, particularly automatic movements. It contains more neurons than the rest of the brain and is a site of neurogenesis.
The cerebellum monitors and regulates motor behavior, particularly automatic movements. Some recent studies have associated the cerebellum with cognitive functions, such as learning and attention. Although the cerebellum accounts for roughly 10% of total brain weight, it contains more neurons than the rest of the brain combined. The cerebellum is also one of the few mammalian brain structures where adult neurogenesis (the development of new neurons) has been confirmed.
cerebellum, movements, brain, motor, behavior, neurogenesis
Creative Commons License This work by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

Related content:

2092. Basal Ganglia
The basal ganglia comprise a group of structures that regulate the initiation of movements, balance, eye movements, and posture.
1161. Neurogenesis Instability
Professor Fred Gage explains that neurogenesis is an unstable process and is highly regulated by the environment.
2242. Balance and coordination - review
Reaching for a pencil, grasping a doorknob, skiing, and tightrope walking—to name but a few physical actions—all involve well-coordinated movements made with well-balanced postures.
2102. Motor Cortex
The primary motor cortex is critical to initiating motor movements. Areas of the motor cortex correspond precisely to specific body parts.
2094. Brain Stem
The brain stem consists of a group of structures, including the pons, medulla oblongata, and midbrain. It controls autonomic functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure.
1160. Neurogenesis in Humans
Professor Fred Gage explains that neurogenesis only occurs in the hippocampus and the olfactory bulb in humans, and discusses why this might be so.
2095. Pons
The pons is the region in the brain most closely associated with breathing and with circuits that generate respiratory rhythms.
880. Relatives' Brains and Autism
Brain scans of close relatives of children with autism reveal clear abnormalities that parallel those seen in autism.
851. Developing Mirror Neurons
Mirror neurons provide an important shortcut to learning new movements.
2101. Premotor Cortex
The premotor cortex is involved in preparing and executing limb movements and coordinates with other regions to select appropriate movements.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
CSHL HomeAbout CSHLResearchEducationPublic EventsNewsstandPartner With UsGiving