Website Search
ID 2384

Dopamine, Oxytocin, Rewards, and Bonding

Description:
Doctor Larry Young discusses how dopamine and oxytocin interact in the reward and reinforcement parts of the brain to help form social bonds.
Transcript:
We know that dopamine is involved in reward and reinforcement, and we know that the dopamine system is activated during social interactions or mating. We also know that the dopamine system is interacting with the oxytocin system to promote the pair bond formation. So for example if you block dopamine, a female will not bond with a male or a male will not bond with a female. Simply by blocking that dopamine input, even oxytocin can’t stimulate the bond; blocking oxytocin receptors will also block the bond formation. Even dopamine can’t stimulate the bond. But if you have both acting at the same time to sort of activate the social aspects and the reward aspects, then it comes together to form a bond which is a preference to interact with another individual.
Keywords:
dopamine, oxytocin, reward, bond, receptor, reinforcement, larry, young
Downloads:
Creative Commons License This work by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

Related content:

2385. The Neurobiology of Love
Doctor Larry Young discusses that he believes there is a biological basis to love.
2375. Drug Addiction and Bonding
Doctor Larry Young discusses his research with prairie voles and suggests that the same neurobiological processes may underlie drug addiction and bonding.
2378. Neuropeptides Influence Social Bonds
Doctor Larry Young explains that social personality traits are influenced by levels of oxytocin and vasopressin in the brain.
2383. The Reward System includes Vasopressin and Oxytocin
Doctor Larry Young discusses how vasopressin and oxytocin contribute to the reward system, which can promote behavior such as bonding and drug addiction.
2386. Oxytocin And Autism
Doctor Larry Young discusses evidence of a relationship between oxytocin and autism, speculating that oxytocin may be used to treat autism.
2376. Love, Pair-Bonding, and Prairie Voles
Doctor Larry Young explains that the experience of being in love activates pleasure centers in the brain, and comments that bonding in prairie voles may be similar to humans.
2379. Social Differences Wired Into DNA
Doctor Larry Young explains that the genes that encode for vasopressin receptors can predict social behaviors. This intriguing finding makes the link between genes, the brain and behavior.
2011. Vasopressin, oxytocin and bonding (2)
Doctor Thomas Insel continues his discussion of the two neuropeptides, vasopressin and oxytocin.
2374. Brain, Neurochemistry and Relationships
Doctor Larry Young discusses the proposition that, although different in intensity, the bonds between friends, relations, and lovers have the same underlying biochemistry.
2377. Oxytocin, Emotion, and Autism
Doctor Larry Young discusses how taking oxytocin may increase trust and affect social abilities in humans. This may be a future treatment for autism.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
CSHL HomeAbout CSHLResearchEducationNews & FeaturesCampus & Public EventsCareersGiving