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ID 15209

Carrie and Emma Buck the day before the trial, Paul Lombardo

Interviewee: Paul Lombardo. Lombardo discusses Carrie and Emma Buck's state of mind prior to the Buck vs. Bell trial.
Since Carrie's baby had been taken away from her only a few months earlier, she was likely depressed. Her mother, we know little about Emma, but Emma was also probably concerned, considering the lawyers, the doctors, and everyone else was paying so much attention to this day and her daughter.
carrie buck,lombardo,eugenics,interviewee,sterilization,emma,lawyers,doctors
Creative Commons License This work by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

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15540. Carrie Buck and Emma Buck
Carrie and Emma Buck on the day before the Buck vs. Bell trial in 1924.
15210. Misdiagnosis of Carrie Buck, Paul Lombardo
Paul Lombardo talks about Emma and Carrie Buck lived long lives and it is doubtful that either was mentally ill.
15222. Photo of Carrie Buck and her mother, Paul Lombardo
Paul Lombardo talks about the only photograph of Carrie Buck with her mother Emma, taken the day before she would stand trial before the collective onslaught of the American eugenics movement.
15218. The first witness at Buck vs. Bell trial, Paul Lombardo
Paul Lombardo talks about Arthur Estabrook, a psychologist for the Eugenics Record office, testified that Carrie, her daughter Vivian, and her mother Emma were all feeblminded.
15207. Discussion of the photo of Carrie and Emma Buck, Paul Lombardo
Lombardo discusses the emotions that Carrie Buck may have been feeling before the Buck vs. Bell trial.
15205. The day before Buck vs. Bell, Paul Lombardo
The day before the Virginia case, Arthur Estabrook photographed Carrie and Emma on a bench located at this spot in the Virginia Colony.
15233. Lies at Buck vs. Bell, Paul Lombardo
Paul Lombardo talks about although Carrie was not feebleminded or morally degenerate, this was the way she was portrayed by the lawyers.
15216. The death of Emma Buck, Paul Lombardo
Paul Lombardo talks about although she tried several times, Carrie was never able to bring her mother Emma home from the Virginia Colony.
15220. The Buck vs. Bell decision, Paul Lombardo
Paul Lombardo talks about the case conluded that Carrie, Emma, and Vivian represented three generations of imbeciles, which justified Carrie's sterilization.
15757. Emma Buck's gravestone
Emma Buck's gravestone
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